10 Most Popular Types of Koi For Your Pond


Koi fish are incredibly colorful and graceful creatures, bringing a touch of nature to any pond. Their radiant hues and elegant movements have captivated pond enthusiasts worldwide. With the increasing popularity of koi ponds, many people are eager to have these enchanting fish in their backyard havens. 

But how do you choose the right koi for your pond? Midwest Pond Features and Landscape, a reputable pond installation company, has the solution. They specialize in creating stunning Koi ponds, offering expert advice on selecting the perfect Koi to match your preferences and the pond’s characteristics. Let’s dive into the world of Koi and discover the top 10 most popular types for your pond!

Let us first discuss what Koi fish are and their history. 

Brief History and Origin of Koi

Koi fish have an intriguing past, originating from Asia, where they were bred for their colors and patterns over 200 years ago. Koi hold deep symbolism in many cultures, representing strength, perseverance, and good fortune. 

These beautiful fish are cherished for their ability to bring harmony and positive energy to any environment. 

Basic Koi Fish Terminology

Koi have a rich vocabulary and even have unique names for each of the various colored blobs. In this not-so-brief breakdown, these are the Japanese words you may come across frequently.

  • Nishikigoi: True Koi Fish
  • Hirenagagoi: Butterfly Koi Fish
  • Gosanke: the “Big Three” – Kohaku, Sanke, and Showa
  • Doitsu: Scaleless (also may have large mirror-like scales)
  • Hi: Red
  • Shiro: White
  • Ki: Yellow
  • Sumi: Small black markings along the back
  • Tejima: Scattered black markings on the pectoral fins
  • Gin Rin: Koi with modified scales. They may have depressions or raised scales that resemble pearls.

Factors to Consider Before Choosing Koi

  • Pond Size and Water Requirements: Ensure your pond is spacious and has proper filtration for Koi’s healthy growth.
  • Compatibility with other pond fish: Select koi that get along well with other fish to maintain harmony.
  • Understanding koi color patterns and variations: Familiarize yourself with the diverse colors and patterns to pick your preferred Koi.
  • Feeding habits and maintenance considerations: Be aware of their dietary needs and maintenance requirements for a thriving koi pond.

koi for your pond

The 10 most popular types of koi for your pond


Kohaku is one of the most popular choices for beginners in koi ponds due to its stunning simplicity and striking appearance. This type of Koi features a white base color with vibrant red markings, creating a beautiful contrast.

 “Kohaku” translates to “red and white,” precisely describing its defining colors. Its graceful and easy-to-spot patterns make it an ideal choice for those new to koi keeping. Consider Kohaku when planning your koi pond installation for a captivating and delightful addition.

Gin rin

Gin Rin, also known as Kin Gin Rin, are koi fish with stunning, glittery scales resembling floating diamonds in water ponds. The color of their scales depends on the Koi’s base color, reflecting gold when covering a red base (Hi) and silver with black or white skin. 

Unlike Hikarimono and metallic koi, Gin Rin has metallic scales rather than a shiny coat. Gin Rin Koi are classified into four types: Diamond Gin Rin has a cracked glass-like appearance, Beta Gin has a mirror-like surface, Pearl Gin has shiny deposits on scale centers, and the least preferred type is Kado Gin Rin.


Showa koi showcase a captivating three-color pattern combining black, red, and white. As they grow, their colors intensify, making them more stunning over time. Proper care is essential for their development, with regular feeding and a spacious pond to accommodate their growth. At Midwest Pond Features and Landscape, we specialize in caring for Showa koi, ensuring they thrive and add beauty to your pond with our expert koi pond company services.


Asagi Koi’s charm lies in their striking blue scales, which resemble the beauty of nature. They get along well with other koi types, making them a great addition to a diverse pond. Maintaining the right water conditions, including proper pH levels and a well-filtered pond, is crucial for the well-being of Asagi. 

Trust us, the top-notch koi pond builder, to provide the perfect environment for your Asagi koi.


Shusui koi come in scaled and scaleless varieties, displaying unique charm. Their dorsal pattern, known as the “Shusui Hi,” stretches along their back like a beautiful river of color. Maintaining water quality is essential for Shusui koi, as they thrive in a clean, well-filtered pond. 

For a stunning Shusui addition to your pond, trust the expertise of a reliable pond-building company like Midwest Pond Features and Landscape.


Koi fish are renowned for their stunning and diverse colors. Still, a unique variety called Hikarimono or Ogon Koi showcases only one color. These colors can range from yellow, red, orange, and platinum ogon to cream in regular or metallic form. 

The most common hues are white and yellow. To identify a purebred Hikarimono, ensure it displays only one color; otherwise, it’s not an Ogon Koi. Hikarimono Koi are hardy with a longer lifespan, making them low-maintenance and easy to breed. 

They fall into three sub-categories: Hikari-Moyo, featuring metallic patterns; Hikari-Utsuri, a metallic variant of Utsurimono; and Hikari-Muji, a metallic version of Mujimono.


Bekko, like Showa and Sanke, is the opposite of Utsuri. They feature a colored body with scattered black Sumi markings. Bekko can originate from Showa and Sanke stock, but those with black Sumi on the head are considered Showa. Available in Aka (red), Shiro (white), or Ki (yellow) varieties, ideal Bekko display bold black markings and an intense base color, avoiding any black sumi on the head, similar to Utsuri.


Utsurimono, belonging to the same family as Showa Sanshoku, features a non-metallic black color with interlacing patterns of any secondary hue, creating captivating combinations. Originally considered a defective Showa Koi lacking red coloring, Utsurimono has grown in admiration among Koi enthusiasts. 

This majestic breed is defined by three primary varieties: Ki Utsuri with black and yellow, Hi Utsuri with black and scarlet, and Shiro Utsuri with black and crystal white. When observing Utsurimono, look for proper Sumi coverage on the nose, pectoral fin joints, and side faces, and distinguish the accent color patterns on the head, wrapping elegantly around the black base.


Matsuba koi fish, a type of Hikarimuji, exhibit a metallic color similar to other koi of this breed. What sets them apart is the reticulated pattern formed by dark centers on their scales. 

Kin (Gold) Matsuba and Gin (Silver) Matsuba have a unique pine cone-like appearance from above, while Orenji (deep orange) Matsuba display a vibrant mix of light and dark orange. Doitsu Matsuba, the only recognized variety, are scaleless except for mirror scales with a reflective outer and dark inner region, adding to their distinctive beauty.


In Japanese, Kawarimono translates to “Oddballs,” representing a diverse classification of non-metallic Koi that don’t fit into other classes. This group consists of three categories:

  1. The Single-colored Koi, like Benigoi, showcases a dominant red hue covering most of the body, resembling a giant goldfish. Their fins may have white tips and a well-rounded body shape.
  2. Black Koi varieties exhibit deep and even Sumi on fins or bodies. Examples include Karasu with black fins and an orange or white tummy, Hajiro with a black coat and white nose, Hageshiro with a white head, and Youtsujiro with white fins.
  3. Other odd Koi varieties like Midorigoi (green-colored) and Matsuba Koi (red Koi with dark scales) offer intriguing additions to any Koi pond.


How Much are Koi Fish?

Koi fish prices vary greatly depending on their quality and breed. Small pond koi can be affordable, from $5 to $10. However, exceptional koi, like the S Legend Kohaku, can fetch millions of dollars. Quality koi like Asagi or Kikokuryu can cost around $1000 or more; good quality medium-sized Kohaku koi range from $200 to $9000.

Are there any reputable koi pond companies near me for building and maintaining a beautiful koi pond?

Midwest Pond Features and Landscape is a trusted and reputable pond-building company. With their expertise and experience, they offer professional services for creating stunning koi ponds. From installation to upkeep, you can count on them for exceptional results and a breathtaking koi pond in your backyard.

Wrap up

Therefore, after reading it, it is now clear what the 10 most popular types of koi for your pond are. Owning a koi pond makes life incredibly happy and peaceful. You can create a harmonious and captivating pond environment by making informed decisions on koi selection.

The beauty of koi fish enriches your life, offering a sense of wonder and serenity. Your koi pond transforms into a captivating oasis as these graceful fish glide through the water, offering a calming relaxation from the bustle of daily life. Do not forget to rely on Midwest Pond Builder features and landscapes near you for professional assistance.